Climate Change effects Birds Migration

Climate Change gravely influencing birds relocation

The outcomes are conceivably hazardous.

Birds migration is a consistent seasonal phenomenon. Flying creatures move looking for food, territory and good season. Verifiably, movement has been watched and recorded as much as 3000 years prior by Ancient Greek creators, including Homen and Aristotle.  Migration can be along distanced, short distanced or altitudinal. Altitudinal migration is common on mountains. Approximately 1800 of the world’s 10000 bird species are long distance migrants. It has been observed that the timing of birds’ migration, breeding, and population of birds has suffered due to climate change.

The significant effects of environmental change on birds’ migration are loss of habitats because of high temperature, flooding or desertification, which affects the patterns of migrating birds. Warm weather and food shortage compel many birds to move earlier from one place to another. For instance, some small species who used to breed in Spain, France or North America during inters now prefer to move England. Cranes, which typically relocate to Spain and Portugal, remain in Germany, joined by Starlings. All this is happening due to extreme climate changes.

Global threat – Climate change strengthens the risk to migratory birds

Concerning diverse dangers migratory birds used to face, one thing ends up evident: climate change is now occurring and affecting the migratory birds. They become extinct as a result, particularly impacting the long-distance migratory birds as they are less adaptable than other birds.

Human-induced global warming is accelerating and becoming progressively troublesome for some winged animal species to stay aware of the subsequent movements. Climate Change also influencing patterns of migrating birds towards Pakistan.

Looking for moderate climate, a large number of birds’ species go through Pakistan and stay at various lakes and water reservoirs on their way to Indian subcontinent, as Pakistan offering very alluring water reservoirs to large number of migratory birds. Fundamentally, Pakistan serves as central Asian flying route and as habitat for about 1 million migratory birds arriving from Siberia.

There has been a drastic decline in the number of species stopping at water reservoirs in Pakistan. The primary species of birds that migrate from Siberia to Pakistani territory including Houbara bustards, Cranes, Teals, Pintails, Mallards, Geese, Spoon bills, Waders and Pelicans (The Dawn, 2016).

Way Forward

Climate change is a fundamental challenge for us and has a hazardous impact on our environment. It is indispensable for the government to manage the people’s awareness program for the importance of birds. We must step forward to protect all species on earth and migratory birds. Although we cannot stop climate change, we must work together to battle against climate change every day by taking small initiatives like:

  1. Lessen energy usage, turn off the lights, reduce warming and take up cycling.
  2. Adopt the energy-saving habit.
  3. Join in, work to protect at least one asset of nature like water, save water & avoid water pollution in light of the needs of migratory birds.

On a large scale, the government may also consider including freshwater reservoirs on various sites in Pakistan and initiate research projects to encounter climate change issues and promote bird migration.

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