Climate Change effects bird migration

Climate Change effects bird migration


Climate Change effects bird migration

Birds migration is a consistent seasonal phenomenon. Flying creatures move looking for food, territory and reasonable season. Verifiably, movement has been watched and recorded as much as 3000 years prior by Ancient Greek creators including Homen and Aristotle.  Migration can be along distanced, short distanced or attitudinal. Attitudinal migration is common on mountains. Approximately, 1800 of the world’s 10000 bird species are long distance migrants.


It has been observed that timing of birds’ migration, breeding as well as population of birds has been suffered due to climate change.The significant effects of environmental change on birds’ migration are loss of habitats because of high temperature, flooding or desertification which affects the patterns of migrating birds. Warm weather and food shortage compel many birds to move earlier from one place to another. For instance, some small species who used to breed in Spain, France or in north America during inters now prefer to move England. Cranes, which typically relocate to Spain and Portugal, remain in Germany, joined by Starlings. All this is happening due to extreme changes in climate.

Global threat – Climate change strengthens the risk to migratory birds.

Concerning diverse dangers migratory birds used to face, one thing ends up evident: climate change is as of now occurring and affecting the migratory birds and become extinct as a result, particularly impacting the long-distance migratory birds as they are less adaptable than other birds.

Climate Change gravely influencing bird’s relocation.

The outcomes are conceivably hazardous.

Climate Change effects bird migration.

Human-induced global warming is happening at an accelerated speed and is ending up progressively troublesome for some winged animal species to stay aware of the subsequent movements.


Looking for reasonable climate, a large number of birds’ species go through Pakistan and stay at various lakes and water reservoirs on their way to Indian subcontinent as Pakistan offering very alluring water reservoirs to large number of migratory birds. Fundamentally, Pakistan serves as central Asian flying route and as habitat for about 1 million migratory birds arriving from Siberia.

Climate Change also influencing patterns of migrating birds towards Pakistan.There has been drastic decline in the number of species making stopovers at water reservoirs in Pakistan (The Dawn, 2016). The major species of birds that migrate from Siberia to Pakistani territory including Houbara bustards, Cranes, Teals, Pintails, Mallards, Geese, Spoon bills, Waders and Pelicans (Express Tribune, 2016).

What can we do?

As climate change is a basic challenge for us and have a hazardous impact on our environment. It is indispensable for the government to manage the people awareness program for the importance of birds. We have to step forward to protect all species on earth and migratory birds as well.

Although, we cannot stop the climate change but we have to work together to battle against climate change every day by taking small initiatives like:  lessen the usage of energy, turn off the lights, reduce warming and take up cycling. Adopt the energy saving habit. Join in, work to protect at least one asset of nature like water, save water & avoid water pollution in light for needs of migratory birds.

On large scale, government may also think to include fresh water reservoirs on various sites of Pakistan and initiate research projects to encounter climate change issues and promote birds’ migration.


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